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by Bernard Vatant, Mondeca




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Swedish is a North Germanic language, spoken by approximately 10 million people, predominantly in Sweden and parts of Finland, where it has equal legal standing with Finnish. It is largely mutually intelligible with Norwegian and Danish (see Classification). Along with the other North Germanic languages, Swedish is a descendant of Old Norse, the common language of the Germanic peoples living in Scandinavia during the Viking Era. It is currently the largest of the North Germanic languages by numbers of speakers. Standard Swedish, used by most Swedish people, is the national language that evolved from the Central Swedish dialects in the 19th century and was well established by the beginning of the 20th century. While distinct regional varieties descended from the older rural dialects still exist, the spoken and written language is uniform and standardized. Some dialects differ considerably from the standard language in grammar and vocabulary and are not always mutually intelligible with Standard Swedish. These dialects are confined to rural areas and are spoken primarily by small numbers of people with low social mobility. Though not facing imminent extinction, such dialects have been in decline during the past century, despite the fact that they are well researched and their use is often encouraged by local authorities. The standard word order is subject–verb–object, though this can often be changed to stress certain words or phrases. Swedish morphology is similar to English; that is, words have comparatively few inflections. There are two genders, two grammatical cases, and a distinction between plural and singular. Older analyses posit the cases nominative and genitive and there are some remains of distinct accusative and dative forms as well. Adjectives are compared as in English, and are also inflected according to gender, number and definiteness. The definiteness of nouns is marked primarily through suffixes (endings), complemented with separate definite and indefinite articles. The prosody features both stress and in most dialects tonal qualities. The language has a comparatively large vowel inventory. Swedish is also notable for the voiceless dorso-palatal velar fricative, a highly variable consonant phoneme.
Source : DBpedia

Names (more)

[af] Sweeds
[ak] Sweden kasa
[am] ስዊድንኛ
[ar] السويدية
[an] Idioma sueco
[az] İsveç dili
[bm] suwɛdikan
[be] Шведская мова
[bn] সুইডিশ
[bo] ཧྲུའི་ཏན་སྐད།
[bs] Švedski jezik
[br] Svedeg
[bg] Шведски език
[ca] Suec
[cs] Švédština
[ce] Şvedhoyn mott
[cu] Свєньскъ ѩꙁꙑкъ
[cv] Швед чĕлхи
[kw] Swedek
[co] Lingua svedese
[cy] Swedeg
[da] Svensk
[de] Schwedisch
[dv] ސުވެޑިޝް
[dz] སུའི་ཌིཤ་ཁ
[el] Σουηδικά
[en] Swedish language
[eo] Sveda lingvo
[et] Rootsi keel
[eu] Suediera
[ee] Swedgbe
[fo] Svenskt mál
[fa] زبان سوئدی
[fi] Ruotsin kieli
[fr] Suédois
[fy] Sweedsk
[ff] Sweedeere
[gd] Suainis
[ga] An tSualainnis
[gl] Lingua sueca
[gv] Soolynnish
[gu] સ્વીડિશ
[ha] Harshen Suwedan
[sh] Švedski jezik
[he] שבדית
[hi] स्विडिश
[hr] Švedski jezik
[hu] Svéd nyelv
[hy] Շվեդերեն
[ig] Sụwidiishi
[io] Suediana linguo
[iu] ᔅᕗᓐᔅᑭᑐᑦ
[ia] Lingua svedese
[id] Bahasa Swedia
[is] Sænska
[it] Lingua svedese
[jv] Basa Swedia
[ja] スウェーデン語
[kl] Svenskisuut
[kn] ಸ್ವೀಡಿಷ್
[ks] سویٖڈِش
[ka] შვედური ენა
[kk] Швед тілі
[km] ស៊ុយអែដ
[ki] Kiswidi
[rw] Igisuweduwa
[ky] шведче
[kv] Свенска кыв
[ko] 스웨덴어
[ku] Zimanê swêdî
[lo] ສະເວດດຣິດ
[la] Lingua Suecica
[lv] Zviedru valoda
[li] Zweeds
[ln] lisuwedɛ
[lt] Švedų kalba
[lu] Lisuwidi
[lg] Luswideni
[ml] സ്വീഡിഷ്
[mr] स्वीडिश भाषा
[mk] Шведски јазик
[mg] Fiteny soedoa
[mt] Svediż
[mi] Reo Huitene
[ms] Bahasa Sweden
[my] ဆွီဒင်
[nd] isi-Swidishi
[ne] स्विडिश
[nl] Zweeds
[nn] Svensk
[nb] svensk
[no] Svensk
[oc] Suedés
[or] ସ୍ୱେଡିସ୍
[om] Afaan Suwidiin
[os] Шведаг æвзаг
[pa] ਸਵੀਡਿਸ਼ ਭਾਸ਼ਾ
[pl] Język szwedzki
[pt] Língua sueca
[ps] سویډنی
[qu] Suwiri simi
[rm] Lingua svedaisa
[ro] Limba suedeză
[rn] Igisuweduwa
[ru] Шведский язык
[sg] Sueduäa
[si] ස්වෙඩිශ්
[sk] Švédčina
[sl] Švedščina
[se] Ruoŧagiella
[sn] chiSwedish
[so] Swiidhis
[st] Se-sweden
[es] Idioma sueco
[sq] Gjuha suedeze
[sr] Шведски језик
[su] Basa Swédia
[sw] Kiswidi
[sv] Svenska
[ta] சுவீடிய மொழி
[tt] Швед теле
[te] స్వీడిష్
[tg] Забони шведӣ
[th] ภาษาสวีเดน
[ti] ስዊድንኛ
[to] lea fakasueteni
[tn] Swedish
[ts] Xi Swiden
[tr] İsveççe
[ug] شۋېتسىيە تىلى
[uk] Шведська мова
[ur] سونسکا
[vi] Tiếng Thụy Điển
[xh] Isi-Swedish
[yi] שוועדיש
[yo] Èdè Suwidiisi
[zh] 瑞典語
[zu] isi-Swedish

Language type : Living

Official language : Finland, Sweden, Aland Islands,

Language resources for Swedish

Open Languages Archives

EuroVoc multilingual thesaurus in Swedish
GEMET multilingual thesaurus in Swedish

Swedish Wikipedia
Swedish Wiktionary
Wiktionary - Category:Swedish language [en]
Wiktionnaire - Catégorie:suédois [fr]

Freelang Dictionary [en]
Dictionnaire Freelang [fr]
Omniglot encyclopedia [en]
Lexilogos Dictionaries [en]
Dictionnaires Lexilogos [fr]
Dictionnaires Lexicool [fr]

Technical notes

This page is providing structured data for the language Swedish.
Following BCP 47 the recommended tag for this language is sv.

This page is marked up using RDFa,, and other linked open vocabularies. The raw RDF data can be extracted using the W3C RDFa Distiller.

Freebase search uses the Freebase API, based on ISO 639-3 codes shared by Freebase language records.

ISO 639 Codes

ISO 639-1 : sv
ISO 639-2B : swe
ISO 639-2T : swe
ISO 639-3 : swe

Linked Data URIs

More URIs at


Authority documentation for ISO 639 identifier: swe

Freebase ISO 639-3 : swe Country Information

Publications Office of the European Union
Metadata Registry : Countries and Languages