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Lingua Latina


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Latin Lingua latina 300pxLatin inscription in the ColosseumPronunciation Native to Latium, Roman Monarchy, Roman Republic, Roman Empire, Medieval and Early modern Europe, Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, Vatican CityEthnicity LatinsEra Vulgar Latin developed into Romance languages, 6th to 9th centuries; the formal language continued as the scholarly lingua franca of medieval Western Europe and as the liturgical language of the Roman Catholic Church. Language family Indo-European ItalicLatino-FaliscanLatinWriting system Latin alphabet Official statusOfficial language in 22x20px Holy SeeRegulated by In antiquity, Roman schools of grammar and rhetoric. Today, the Pontifical Academy for Latin. Language codesISO 639-1 laISO 639-2 latISO 639-3 latLinguasphere 51-AAB-a 300pxGreatest extent of the Roman Empire, showing the area governed by Latin speakers. Many languages other than Latin, most notably Greek, were spoken within the empire. 300pxRange of the Romance languages, the modern descendants of Latin, in Europe. Latin is an ancient Italic language originally spoken by the Italic Latins in Latium and Ancient Rome. Along with most European languages, it is a descendant of the ancient Proto-Indo-European language. It originated in the Italian peninsula. Although it is considered a dead language, many modern languages are in fact living continuations of this language. Additionally, many students, scholars, and members of the Christian clergy speak it fluently, and it is still taught in some primary and secondary and many post-secondary educational institutions around the world. Latin is still used in the creation of new words in modern languages of many different families, including English, and in biological taxonomy. Latin and its daughter Romance languages are the only surviving languages of the Italic language family. Other languages of the Italic branch were attested in the inscriptions of early Italy, but were assimilated to Latin during the Roman Republic. The extensive use of elements from vernacular speech by the earliest authors and inscriptions of the Roman Republic make it clear that the original, unwritten language of the Roman Monarchy was an only partially deducible colloquial form, the predecessor to Vulgar Latin. By the arrival of the late Roman Republic, a standard, literate form had arisen from the speech of the educated, now referred to as Classical Latin. Vulgar Latin, by contrast, is the name given to the more rapidly changing colloquial language, which was spoken throughout the empire. Because of the Roman conquest, Latin spread to many Mediterranean regions, and the dialects spoken in these areas, mixed to various degrees with the autochthonous languages, developed into the modern Romance tongues. Classical Latin slowly changed with the Decline of the Roman Empire, as education and wealth became ever scarcer. The consequent Medieval Latin, influenced by various Germanic and proto-Romance languages until expurgated by Renaissance scholars, was used as the language of international communication, scholarship, and science until well into the 18th century, when it began to be supplanted by vernacular languages. Latin is a highly inflected language, with three distinct genders, seven noun cases, four verb conjugations, six tenses, three persons, three moods, two voices, two aspects, and two numbers. A dual number (a pair of) is present in Archaic Latin. One of the rarer of the seven cases is the locative, only marked in proper place names and a few common nouns. Otherwise, the locative function (place where) has merged with the ablative. The vocative, a case of direct address, is marked by an ending only in words of the second declension. Otherwise, the vocative has merged with the nominative, except that the particle O typically precedes any vocative, marked or not. There are only five fully productive cases, that is, in the few instances of the formation of a distinct locative or vocative, the endings are specific to those words and cannot be placed on other stems of the declension to produce a locative or vocative. In contrast, the plural nominative ending of the first declension may be used to form any first declension plural. As a result of this case ambiguity, different authors list different numbers of cases: 5, 6, or 7. Adjectives and adverbs are compared, and the former are inflected according to case, gender, and number. In view of the fact that adjectives are often used for nouns, the two are termed substantives. Although Classical Latin has demonstrative pronouns indicating different degrees of proximity (this one here, that one there), it does not have articles. Later Romance language articles developed from the demonstrative pronouns, e.g. le and la from ille and illa, and su and sa from ipse and ipsa.
Source : DBpedia

Names (more)

[ab] Алаҭын бызшәа
[af] Latyn
[am] ላቲንኛ
[ar] اللاتينية
[an] Latín
[az] Latın dili
[ba] Латин теле
[bm] Latin
[be] Лацінская мова
[bn] লাটিন
[bo] ལ་ཏིན​་སྐད།
[bs] Latinski jezik
[br] Latin
[bg] Латински език
[ca] Llatí
[cs] Latina
[cu] Латиньскъ ѩꙁꙑкъ
[cv] Латин чĕлхи
[kw] Latin
[co] Lingua latina
[cy] Lladin
[da] Latin
[de] Latein
[dz] ལེ་ཊིན་ཁ
[el] Λατινικά
[en] Latin language
[eo] Latina lingvo
[et] Ladina keel
[eu] Latin
[ee] latin
[fo] Latín
[fa] زبان لاتین
[fi] Latina
[fr] Latin
[fy] Latyn
[gd] Laideann
[ga] An Laidin
[gl] Lingua latina
[gv] Ladjyn
[gn] Latinañe'ẽ
[gu] લેટિન
[ha] Dan Kabilar Latin
[sh] Latinski jezik
[he] לטינית
[hi] लातिन भाषा
[hr] Latinski jezik
[hu] Latin nyelv
[hy] Լատիներեն
[ia] Lingua latin
[id] Bahasa Latin
[is] Latína
[it] Lingua latina
[jv] Basa Latin
[ja] ラテン語
[kl] Latiinerisut
[kn] ಲ್ಯಾಟಿನ್
[ks] لاتیٖنی
[ka] ლათინური ენა
[kk] Латын тілі
[km] ឡាតំាង
[rw] Ikilatini
[ky] латынча
[kv] Латин кыв
[kg] Kilatini
[ko] 라틴어
[ku] Zimanê latînî
[lo] ພາສາລາແຕັງ
[la] Lingua Latina
[lv] Latīņu valoda
[li] Latien
[ln] Latina
[lt] Lotynų kalba
[lb] Latäin
[ml] ലാറ്റിൻ
[mr] लॅटिन भाषा
[mk] Латински јазик
[mg] Fiteny latina
[mt] Latin
[mn] Латин хэл
[ms] Bahasa Latin
[my] လက်တင်
[ne] लेटिन
[nl] Latijn
[nn] Latin
[nb] latin
[no] Latin
[ny] Chilatini
[oc] Latin
[or] ଲାଟିନ୍
[om] Afaan Laatini
[os] Латинаг æвзаг
[pl] Łacina
[pt] Latim
[ps] لاتين ژبه
[qu] Latin simi
[rm] Latin
[ro] Limba latină
[ru] Латинский язык
[sa] लातिनी
[si] ලතින්
[sk] Latinčina
[sl] Latinščina
[se] Láhtengiella
[so] Af-Laatiin
[st] Se-latino
[es] Latín
[sq] Gjuha latine
[sc] Limba latina
[sr] Латински језик
[su] Basa Latin
[sw] Kilatini
[sv] Latin
[ta] இலத்தீன்
[tt] Латин теле
[te] లాటిన్
[tg] Забони лотинӣ
[tl] Wikang Latin
[th] ภาษาละติน
[ti] ላቲንኛ
[to] lea fakalatina
[tn] Latin
[tr] Latince
[ug] لاتىن تىلى
[uk] Латинська мова
[ur] لاطینی زبان
[uz] Lotin tili
[vi] Latinh
[wa] Latén
[xh] Isi-Latin
[yi] לאטיין
[yo] Èdè Látìnì
[zh] 拉丁语
[zu] isi-Latin

Language type : Ancient

Official language : Vatican,

Language resources for Latin

Open Languages Archives

Latin Wikipedia
Latin Wiktionary
Wiktionary - Category:Latin language [en]
Wiktionnaire - Catégorie:latin [fr]

Freelang Dictionary [en]
Dictionnaire Freelang [fr]
Omniglot encyclopedia [en]
Lexilogos Dictionaries [en]
Dictionnaires Lexilogos [fr]
Dictionnaires Lexicool [fr]

Technical notes

This page is providing structured data for the language Latin.
Following BCP 47 the recommended tag for this language is la.

This page is marked up using RDFa,, and other linked open vocabularies. The raw RDF data can be extracted using the W3C RDFa Distiller.

Freebase search uses the Freebase API, based on ISO 639-3 codes shared by Freebase language records.

ISO 639 Codes

ISO 639-1 : la
ISO 639-2B : lat
ISO 639-2T : lat
ISO 639-3 : lat

Linked Data URIs

More URIs at


Authority documentation for ISO 639 identifier: lat

Freebase ISO 639-3 : lat Country Information

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Metadata Registry : Countries and Languages