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by Bernard Vatant, Mondeca


Монгол хэлний бүлэг


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The Mongolian language is the official language of Mongolia and the best-known member of the Mongolic language family. The number of speakers across all its dialects may be 5.2 million, including the vast majority of the residents of Mongolia and many of the Mongolian residents of the Inner Mongolia autonomous region of China. In Mongolia, the Khalkha dialect, written in Cyrillic (and at times in Latin for social networking), is predominant, while in Inner Mongolia, the language is more dialectally diverse and is written in the traditional Mongolian script. In the discussion of grammar to follow, the variety of Mongolian treated is Standard Khalkha Mongolian (i.e. , the standard written language as formalized in the writing conventions and in the school grammar), but much of what is to be said is also valid for vernacular (spoken) Khalkha and other Mongolian dialects, especially Chakhar. Mongolian has vowel harmony and a complex syllabic structure for a Mongolic language that allows clusters of up to three consonants syllable-finally. It is a typical agglutinative language that relies on suffix chains in the verbal and nominal domains. While there is a basic word order, subject–object–predicate, ordering among noun phrases is relatively free, so grammatical roles are indicated by a system of about eight grammatical cases. There are five voices. Verbs are marked for voice, aspect, tense, and epistemic modality/evidentiality. In sentence linking, a special role is played by converbs. Modern Mongolian evolved from Middle Mongol, the language spoken in the Mongol Empire of the 13th and 14th centuries. In the transition, a major shift in the vowel harmony paradigm occurred, long vowels developed, the case system was slightly reformed, and the verbal system was restructured.
Source : DBpedia

Names (more)

[af] Mongools
[am] ሞንጎላዊኛ
[ar] المنغولية
[an] Luengas mongols
[az] Monqol dilləri
[be] мангольская
[bn] মঙ্গোলিয়
[bo] སོག་སྐད།
[bs] mongolski
[br] Yezhoù mongolek
[bg] Монголски езици
[ca] Llengües mongòliques
[cs] Mongolské jazyky
[cv] Монгол чĕлхисем
[cy] Ieithoedd Mongolaidd
[da] mongolsk
[de] Mongolisch
[dz] སོག་པོའི་ཁ
[el] Μογγολικά
[en] Mongolian language
[eo] mongola
[et] mongoli
[eu] mongoliera
[ee] mongoliagbe
[fo] mongoliskt
[fa] مغلی
[fi] Mongolilaiset kielet
[fr] Langues mongoles
[gd] Mongolais
[ga] Mongóilis
[gl] mongol
[gu] મોંગોલિયન
[ha] Mongolian
[he] מונגולית
[hi] मंगोल भाषा-परिवार
[hr] mongolski
[hu] mongol
[hy] Մոնղոլերեն
[io] Mongola lingui
[ia] mongolico
[id] Mongolia
[is] mongólska
[it] Lingue mongoliche
[ja] モンゴル語
[kn] ಮಂಗೋಲಿಯನ್
[ks] مَنٛگولی
[ka] მონღოლური
[kk] моңғол
[km] ភាសាម៉ុងហ្គោលី
[rw] Ikimongoli
[ko] 몽고어
[lo] ມ່ອງໂກເລ້ຍ
[lv] mongoļu
[lt] Mongolų kalbos
[ml] മംഗോളിയൻ
[mr] मंगोलियन
[mk] Монголски јазици
[mt] Mongoljan
[mn] Монгол хэлний бүлэг
[my] မွန်ဂိုလီးယန်း
[ne] मंगोल
[nl] Mongools
[nn] Mongolske språk
[nb] mongolsk
[no] Mongolske språk
[or] ମଙ୍ଗୋଲିଆନ୍
[pl] Języki mongolskie
[pt] Línguas mongólicas
[ps] مغولي
[qu] Mungul rimaykuna
[rm] mongolic
[ro] mongolă
[ru] Монгольские языки
[sk] Mongolské jazyky
[sl] mongolščina
[se] mongoliagiella
[so] Mangooli
[es] Lenguas mongólicas
[sq] Mongolisht
[sr] Монголски језици
[sv] Mongolspråk
[ta] மங்கோலியன்
[tt] Монгол телләре
[te] మంగోలియన్
[th] มองโกเลีย
[to] lea fakamongokōlia
[tr] Moğol dilleri
[ug] مۇڭغۇل تىللىرى
[uk] Монгольські мови
[ur] منگؤلی
[vi] Tiếng Mông Cổ
[xh] IsiMongolian
[zh] 蒙古语族
[zu] isi-Mongolian

Language type : Living

Official language : Mongolia,

Language resources for Mongolian

Open Languages Archives

Mongolian Wikipedia
Mongolian Wiktionary
Wiktionary - Category:Mongolian language [en]
Wiktionnaire - Catégorie:mongol [fr]

Freelang Dictionary [en]
Omniglot encyclopedia [en]
Lexilogos Dictionaries [en]
Dictionnaires Lexilogos [fr]

Technical notes

This page is providing structured data for the language Mongolian.
Following BCP 47 the recommended tag for this language is mn.

This page is marked up using RDFa,, and other linked open vocabularies. The raw RDF data can be extracted using the W3C RDFa Distiller.

Freebase search uses the Freebase API, based on ISO 639-3 codes shared by Freebase language records.

ISO 639 Codes

ISO 639-1 : mn
ISO 639-2B : mon
ISO 639-2T : mon
ISO 639-3 : mon

Linked Data URIs

More URIs at


Authority documentation for ISO 639 identifier: mon

Freebase ISO 639-3 : mon Country Information

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Metadata Registry : Countries and Languages