Linked Languages Resources

A contribution to the Web of Data
by Bernard Vatant, Mondeca




Search languages

Powered by Freebase

Complete list of languages This page in other languages : [fr]

Malayalam, is a language spoken in India, predominantly in the state of Kerala. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India. Malayalam has official language status in the state of Kerala and in the union territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry. It belongs to the Dravidian family of languages, and is spoken approximately by 33 million people according to the 2001 census. Malayalam is also spoken in the neighboring states of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka; the Nilgiris, Kanyakumari and Coimbatore districts of Tamil Nadu, and the Dakshina Kannada, Mangalore and Kodagu districts of Karnataka. Malayalam most likely originated from Middle Tamil (Sen-Tamil-Malayalam) in the 6th century. An alternative theory proposes a split in even more ancient times. Malayalam incorporated many elements from Sanskrit through the ages and today over eighty percent of the vocabulary of Malayalam in scholarly usage is from Sanskrit. Before Malayalam came into being, Old Tamil was used in literature and courts of a region called Tamilakam, including present day Kerala state, a famous example being Silappatikaram. Silappatikaram was written by Chera prince Ilango Adigal from Cochin, and is considered a classic in Sangam literature. Modern Malayalam still preserves many words from the ancient Tamil vocabulary of Sangam literature. The earliest script used to write Malayalam was the Vatteluttu script, and later the Kolezhuttu, which derived from it. As Malayalam began to freely borrow words as well as the rules of grammar from Sanskrit, Grantha script was adopted for writing and came to be known as Arya Ezhuttu. This developed into the modern Malayalam script. Many medieval liturgical texts were written in an admixture of Sanskrit and early Malayalam, called Manipravalam. The oldest literary work in Malayalam, distinct from the Tamil tradition, is dated from between the 9th and 11th centuries. The first travelogue in any Indian language is in Malayalam, titled as Varthamanapusthakam written by Paremmakkal Thoma Kathanar in 1785. Due to its lineage deriving from both Sanskrit and Tamil, the Malayalam alphabet has the largest number of letters among the Indian languages. Malayalam script includes letters capable of representing all the sounds of Sanskrit and all Dravidian languages.
Source : DBpedia

Names (more)

[af] Malabaars
[am] ማላያላም
[ar] الماليالام
[az] malayalamca
[be] малаяламская
[bn] মালয়ালম ভাষা
[bs] malajalam
[br] Malayalameg
[bg] малаялам
[ca] Malaiàlam
[cs] Malajálamština
[cv] Малаялам
[cy] Malayalam
[da] Malayalam
[de] Malayalam
[dv] މަލަޔާޅަމް
[dz] མ་ལ་ཡ་ལམ་ཁ
[el] Μαλαγιαλάμ
[en] Malayalam
[eo] Malajala lingvo
[et] Malajalami keel
[eu] Malabarera
[ee] malayagbe
[fo] malayalam
[fa] زبان مالایالم
[fi] Malajalam
[fr] Malayalam
[gd] Malayalam
[ga] Mailéalaimis
[gl] malabar
[gu] મલયાલમ ભાષા
[ha] Kabilar Maleyalam
[sh] Malajalam jezik
[he] מלאיאלאם
[hi] मलयालम भाषा
[hr] malajalamski
[hu] Malajálam nyelv
[hy] Կերալերեն
[ia] malayalam
[id] Bahasa Malayalam
[is] malajalam
[it] Lingua malayalam
[ja] マラヤーラム語
[kn] ಮಲಯಾಳಂ
[ks] مٔلیالَم
[ka] მალაიალამი
[kk] малайялам
[km] មលយាល័ម
[rw] Ikimalayalami
[ky] малайаламча
[ko] 말라얄람어
[lo] ມາລາຢາລຳ
[la] Lingua Malabarica
[lv] Malajālama
[lt] Malajalių kalba
[ml] മലയാളം
[mr] मलयाळम
[mk] Малајалам
[mg] Fiteny malayalam
[mt] Malajalam
[ms] Bahasa Malayalam
[my] မလေးရာလမ်
[ne] मलयालम
[nl] Malayalam
[nn] Malayalam
[nb] malayalam
[no] Malayalam
[or] ମାଲାୟଲମ୍
[om] Malayaalamiffaa
[pl] Język malajalam
[pt] Língua malaiala
[ps] مالايالم
[qu] Malayalam simi
[rm] malayalam
[ro] malayalam
[ru] Малаялам
[sa] मलयाळम्‌
[si] මලයාලම්
[sk] Malajálamčina
[sl] Malajalščina
[so] Malayalam
[st] Se-malayalam
[es] Malayalam
[sq] Malajalam
[sr] Малајалам језик
[sv] Malayalam
[ta] மலையாளம்
[te] మలయాళ భాష
[th] ภาษามาลายาลัม
[ti] ማላያላምኛ
[to] lea fakaʻinitia malāialemi
[tn] Malayalam
[tr] Malayalam
[ug] مالايالامچە
[uk] Малаялам
[ur] مالایالم
[vi] Tiếng Malayalam
[xh] Isi-Malayalam
[zh] 马拉雅拉姆语
[zu] isi-Malayalam

Language type : Living

Language resources for Malayalam

Open Languages Archives

Malayalam Wikipedia
Malayalam Wiktionary
Wiktionary - Category:Malayalam language [en]
Wiktionnaire - Catégorie:malayalam [fr]

Omniglot encyclopedia [en]

Technical notes

This page is providing structured data for the language Malayalam.
Following BCP 47 the recommended tag for this language is ml.

This page is marked up using RDFa,, and other linked open vocabularies. The raw RDF data can be extracted using the W3C RDFa Distiller.

Freebase search uses the Freebase API, based on ISO 639-3 codes shared by Freebase language records.

ISO 639 Codes

ISO 639-1 : ml
ISO 639-2B : mal
ISO 639-2T : mal
ISO 639-3 : mal

Linked Data URIs

More URIs at


Authority documentation for ISO 639 identifier: mal

Freebase ISO 639-3 : mal Country Information

Publications Office of the European Union
Metadata Registry : Countries and Languages