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by Bernard Vatant, Mondeca


עברית שומרונית


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Hebrew is a West Semitic language of the Afroasiatic language family. Historically, it is regarded as the language of the Hebrews/Israelites and their ancestors. Other Jewish languages originated among diaspora Jews. The Hebrew language was also used by non-Jewish groups, such as the ethnically related Samaritans. Hebrew had ceased to be an everyday spoken language by around 200 CE, and survived into the medieval period only as the language of Jewish liturgy and rabbinical literature. Then in the 19th century it was revived as a spoken and literary language, and according to Ethnologue, is now the language of 5.3 million people worldwide, mainly in Israel. Modern Hebrew is one of the two official languages of Israel (the other being Arabic), while Classical Hebrew is used for prayer or study in Jewish communities around the world. The earliest examples of written Hebrew date from the 10th century BCE . After the Second Temple period, the language developed into Mishnaic Hebrew. Ancient Hebrew is also the liturgical tongue of the Samaritans, while modern Hebrew or Arabic is their vernacular—although today only about 700 Samaritans remain. As a foreign language, it is studied mostly by Jews and students of Judaism and Israel, and by archaeologists and linguists specializing in the Middle East and its civilizations, as well as by theologians, and in Christian seminaries. The Torah (the first five books of the Hebrew Bible), and most of the rest of the Hebrew Bible, is written in Classical Hebrew, and much of its present form is specifically the dialect of Biblical Hebrew that scholars believe flourished around the 6th century BCE, around the time of the Babylonian exile. For this reason, Hebrew has been referred to by Jews as Leshon HaKodesh (לֶשׁוֹן הֲקוֹדֶשׁ), The Holy Language, since ancient times.
Source : DBpedia

Names (more)

[af] Hebreeus
[am] ዕብራስጥ
[ar] العبرية
[an] Hebreu samaritán
[az] ivritcə
[be] іўрыт
[bn] হিব্রু
[bs] hebrejski
[br] Hebraeg ar Samaritaned
[bg] иврит
[ca] hebreu
[cs] hebrejština
[cy] Hebraeg
[da] hebraisk
[de] Hebräisch
[dz] ཧེ་བྲུ་ཁ
[el] Εβραϊκά
[en] Hebrew
[eo] hebrea
[et] heebrea
[eu] hebreera
[ee] hebrigbe
[fo] hebraiskt
[fa] عبری
[fi] heprea
[fr] Hébreu samaritain
[gd] Eabhra
[ga] Eabhrais
[gl] hebreo
[gu] હીબ્રુ
[ha] Yahudanci
[he] עברית שומרונית
[hi] हीब्रू
[hr] Samarijanski jezik
[hu] héber
[hy] Եբրայերեն
[ia] hebreo
[id] Ibrani
[is] hebreska
[it] ebraico
[ja] サマリア語
[kl] hebraimiutut
[kn] ಹೀಬ್ರ್ಯೂ
[ks] عبرٲنۍ
[ka] ებრაული
[kk] иврит
[km] អ៊ីស្រាអែល
[rw] Igiheburayo
[ky] еврейче
[ko] 히브리어
[lo] ເຫບຣິວ
[lv] ivrits
[ln] liébeleo
[lt] hebrajų
[ml] ഹീബ്രു
[mr] हिब्रू
[mk] Самаритански хебрејски јазик
[mt] Ebrajk
[my] ဟီးဘရူး
[ne] हिब्रु
[nl] Hebreeuws
[nn] hebraisk
[nb] hebraisk
[or] ହେବ୍ର୍ୟୁ
[om] Afaan Hebrew
[os] уираг
[pl] hebrajski
[pt] Hebraico samaritano
[ps] عبري
[rm] ebraic
[ro] ebraică
[ru] иврит
[si] හීබෲ
[sk] hebrejčina
[sl] hebrejščina
[so] Cibri
[st] Se-hebrew
[es] hebreo
[sq] Hebraisht
[sr] Хебрејски
[sv] hebreiska
[ta] ஹுப்ரு
[te] హీబ్రు
[tg] Яҳудӣ
[th] ภาษาฮีบรูซามาริทัน
[ti] ዕብራስጥ
[to] lea fakahepelū
[tn] Se heberu
[ts] XiHeberu
[tr] Samiri İbranicesi
[uk] іврит
[ur] عبرانی
[vi] Tiếng Hê-brơ
[xh] Isi-Hebrew
[yo] Èdè Heberu
[zu] isi-Hebrew

Language type : Living

Official language : Israel,

Language resources for Hebrew

Open Languages Archives

Hebrew Wikipedia
Hebrew Wiktionary
Wiktionary - Category:Hebrew language [en]
Wiktionnaire - Catégorie:hébreu [fr]

Freelang Dictionary [en]
Dictionnaire Freelang [fr]
Omniglot encyclopedia [en]
Lexilogos Dictionaries [en]
Dictionnaires Lexilogos [fr]
Dictionnaires Lexicool [fr]

Technical notes

This page is providing structured data for the language Hebrew.
Following BCP 47 the recommended tag for this language is he.

This page is marked up using RDFa,, and other linked open vocabularies. The raw RDF data can be extracted using the W3C RDFa Distiller.

Freebase search uses the Freebase API, based on ISO 639-3 codes shared by Freebase language records.

ISO 639 Codes

ISO 639-1 : he
ISO 639-2B : heb
ISO 639-2T : heb
ISO 639-3 : heb

Linked Data URIs

More URIs at


Authority documentation for ISO 639 identifier: heb

Freebase ISO 639-3 : heb Country Information

Publications Office of the European Union
Metadata Registry : Countries and Languages