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Basque is the ancestral language of the Basque people, who inhabit the Basque Country, a region spanning an area in northeastern Spain and southwestern France. It is spoken by 27% of Basques in all territories (714,136 out of 2,648,998). Of these, 663,035 live in the Spanish part of the Basque country and the remaining 51,100 live in the French part. In academic discussions of the distribution of Basque in Spain and France, it is customary to refer to three ancient provinces in France and four Spanish provinces. Native speakers are concentrated in a contiguous area including parts of the Spanish autonomous communities of the Basque Country and Navarre and in the western half of the French département of Pyrénées-Atlantiques. The Basque Autonomous Community is an administrative entity within the binational ethnographic Basque Country incorporating the traditional Spanish provinces of Biscay, Gipuzkoa, and Álava, which retain their existence as politico-administrative divisions. These provinces and many areas of Navarre are heavily populated by ethnic Basques, but Basque was, at least until the 1990s, not spoken as a native language in most of Álava, western parts of Biscay and central and southern areas of Navarre, either because it had been replaced by Spanish along the centuries, in some areas, or because it had never been spoken there, in other areas. In southwestern France, the ancient Basque-populated provinces were Labourd, Lower Navarre, and Soule. They and other regions were consolidated into a single département in 1790 under the name Basses-Pyrénées, a name which persisted until 1970. A standardized form of the Basque language, called Euskara Batua, was developed by the Basque Language Academy in the late 1960s. Euskara Batua was created so that Basque language could be used—and easily understood by all Basque speakers—in formal situations (education, mass media, literature), and this is its main use today. The role of this standard Basque language depends on the linguistic educational model of each region and each school. In most areas of the Spanish Basque Country, the educational Model D, where all subjects are taught in Basque, except Spanish language and literature (which is taught in Spanish) is now the predominant model. In France, the Basque language school Seaska and the association for a bilingual (Basque and French) schooling Ikasbi meet a wide range of Basque language educational needs up to the Sixth Form, while often struggling to surmount financial and administrative constraints. Apart from this standardized version, there are five main Basque dialects: Bizkaian, Gipuzkoan, and Upper Navarrese in Spain, and Navarrese–Lapurdian and Zuberoan (in France). Although they take their names from the mentioned historic provinces, the dialect boundaries are not congruent with province boundaries.
Source : DBpedia

Names (more)

[af] Baskies
[am] ባስክኛ
[ar] لغة الباسك
[an] Idioma vasco
[az] Bask dili
[be] Баскская мова
[bn] বাস্ক
[bs] Baskijski jezik
[br] Euskareg
[bg] Баски език
[ca] Basc
[cs] Baskičtina
[kw] Baskek
[co] Lingua basca
[cy] Basgeg
[da] Baskisk
[de] Baskisch
[dz] བཱསཀ་ཁ
[el] Βασκικά
[en] Basque language
[eo] Eŭska lingvo
[et] Baski keel
[eu] Euskara
[ee] basqugbe
[fo] baskiskt
[fa] باسکی
[fi] Baskin kieli
[fr] Basque
[fy] Baskysk
[gd] Basgais
[ga] An Bhascais
[gl] Lingua éuscara
[gv] Bascish
[gu] બાસ્ક
[ha] Dan/'Yar Kabilar Bas
[sh] Baskijski jezik
[he] בסקית
[hi] बास्क्
[hr] Baskijski jezik
[hu] Baszk nyelv
[hy] Բասկերեն
[io] Baskiana linguo
[ia] basco
[id] Bahasa Basque
[is] Baskneska
[it] Lingua basca
[ja] バスク語
[kn] ಬಾಸ್ಕ್
[ks] باسک
[ka] ბასკური ენა
[kk] баск
[km] បាស្កេ
[rw] Ikibasiki
[kv] Эускара кыв
[ko] 바스크어
[ku] Zimanê baskî
[lo] ບັສເກີ
[la] Lingua Vasconica
[lv] Basku valoda
[li] Baskisch
[lt] Baskų kalba
[ml] ബാസ്ക്
[mr] बास्क भाषा
[mk] Баскиски јазик
[mt] Bask
[ms] Bahasa Basque
[ne] बास्क
[nl] Baskisch
[nn] Baskisk
[nb] baskisk
[no] Baskisk
[oc] Basc
[or] ବାସ୍କ୍ୱି
[om] Afaan Baskuu
[os] баскаг
[pl] Język baskijski
[pt] Língua basca
[ps] باسکي
[qu] Yuskara simi
[rm] basc
[ro] Limba bască
[ru] Баскский язык
[si] බොස්කෝ
[sk] Baskičtina
[sl] Baskovščina
[so] Basquu
[st] Se-basque
[es] Euskera
[sq] Baskisht
[sc] Limba basca
[sr] Баскијски језик
[sv] Baskiska
[ta] பஸ்க்
[tt] Баск теле
[te] బాస్క్
[tg] Баскӣ
[th] บัสเก
[ti] ባስክኛ
[to] lea pasiki
[tn] Basque
[tr] Baskça
[ug] باسكى تىلى
[uk] Баскська мова
[ur] باسک زبانیں
[vi] Tiếng Basque
[xh] Isi-Basque
[yi] באסקיש
[yo] Èdè Baski
[zh] 巴斯克語
[zu] isi-Basque

Language type : Living

Language resources for Basque

Open Languages Archives

GEMET multilingual thesaurus in Basque

Basque Wikipedia
Basque Wiktionary
Wiktionary - Category:Basque language [en]
Wiktionnaire - Catégorie:basque [fr]

Freelang Dictionary [en]
Dictionnaire Freelang [fr]
Omniglot encyclopedia [en]
Lexilogos Dictionaries [en]
Dictionnaires Lexilogos [fr]
Dictionnaires Lexicool [fr]

Technical notes

This page is providing structured data for the language Basque.
Following BCP 47 the recommended tag for this language is eu.

This page is marked up using RDFa,, and other linked open vocabularies. The raw RDF data can be extracted using the W3C RDFa Distiller.

Freebase search uses the Freebase API, based on ISO 639-3 codes shared by Freebase language records.

ISO 639 Codes

ISO 639-1 : eu
ISO 639-2B : baq
ISO 639-2T : eus
ISO 639-3 : eus

Linked Data URIs

More URIs at


Authority documentation for ISO 639 identifier: eus

Freebase ISO 639-3 : eus Country Information

Publications Office of the European Union
Metadata Registry : Countries and Languages