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Yiddish is a High German language of Ashkenazi Jewish origin, spoken in many parts of the world. It developed as a fusion of different German dialects with adstrats of Hebrew, Aramaic and Slavic vocabulary and some traces of vocabulary from the Romance languages. Yiddish orthography uses the Hebrew alphabet. The language originated in the Ashkenazi culture that developed from about the 10th century in the Rhineland and then spread to Central and Eastern Europe and eventually to other continents. In the earliest surviving references to it, the language is called לשון־אַשכּנז (loshn-ashknez = language of Ashkenaz) and טײַטש (taytsh, a variant of tiutsch, the contemporary name for the language otherwise spoken in the region of origin, now called Middle High German). In common usage, the language is called מאַמע־לשון (mame-loshn, literally mother tongue), distinguishing it from Biblical Hebrew and Aramaic, which are collectively termed לשון־קודש (loshn-koydesh, holy tongue). The term Yiddish did not become the most frequently used designation in the literature of the language until the 18th century. For a significant portion of its history, Yiddish was the primary spoken language of the Ashkenazi Jews and once spanned a broad dialect continuum from Western Yiddish to three major groups within Eastern Yiddish: Litvish, Polish and Ukrainish. Eastern and Western Yiddish are most markedly distinguished by the extensive inclusion of words of Slavic origin in the former. Western Yiddish has few remaining speakers but the Eastern dialects remain in wide use. Yiddish is written and spoken in many Orthodox Jewish communities around the world, although there are also a number of Orthodox Jews who do not know Yiddish. It is a home language in most Hasidic communities, where it is the first language learned in childhood, used in schools and in many social settings. Yiddish is also the academic language of the study of the Talmud according to the tradition of the Lithuanian yeshivas. Yiddish is also used in the adjectival sense to designate attributes of Ashkenazic Jewish culture.
Source : DBpedia

Names (more)

[af] Jiddisj
[am] ዪዲሽኛ
[ar] اليديشية
[az] Yahudi dili
[ba] Идиш
[be] Ідыш
[bn] য়িদ্দিশ
[bs] jidiš
[br] Yideg
[bg] Идиш
[ca] Jiddisch
[cs] Jidiš
[cv] Идиш
[kw] Yedhowek
[cy] Iddew-Almaeneg
[da] Jiddisch
[de] Jiddisch
[el] Γίντις
[en] Yiddish language
[eo] Jida lingvo
[et] Jidiši keel
[eu] Jiddisha
[fo] Jiddiskt mál
[fa] زبان ییدیش
[fi] Jiddiš
[fr] Yiddish
[fy] Jiddysk
[gd] Iùdais
[ga] An Ghiúdais
[gl] Lingua yiddish
[gu] યિદ્દિશ
[sh] Jidiš
[he] יידיש
[hi] येहुदी
[hr] Jidiš
[hu] Jiddis nyelv
[hy] Իդիշ
[ie] Yiddic
[ia] yiddish
[id] Bahasa Yiddi
[is] jiddíska
[it] Lingua yiddish
[jv] Basa Yiddish
[ja] イディッシュ語
[kn] ಯಡ್ಡಿಶ್
[ks] یِدِش
[ka] იდიში
[kk] идиш
[km] ភាសាយីឌីហ្ស
[rw] Inyeyidishi
[ky] еврей
[kv] Идиш
[ko] 이디시어
[ku] Zimanê yîdîş
[lo] ຢິວ
[la] Lingua Iudaeogermanica
[lv] Jidišs
[li] Jiddisch
[lt] Jidiš
[ml] യിദ്ദിഷ്
[mr] यिडिश भाषा
[mk] јидски
[mt] Jiddix
[ms] Bahasa Yiddish
[ne] यिद्दिस
[nl] Jiddisch
[nn] Jiddisch
[nb] jiddisk
[no] Jiddisch
[oc] Yiddish
[or] ୟିଡିସ୍
[pl] Jidysz
[pt] Língua iídiche
[ps] يديش
[rm] jiddic
[ro] Limba idiș
[ru] Идиш
[sk] Jidiš
[sl] Jidiš
[so] Yadhish
[st] Yiddish
[es] Yidis
[sq] Jiden
[sr] Јидиш
[sv] Jiddisch
[ta] இத்திய மொழி
[te] ఇడ్డిష్
[tg] Яҳудии Аврупои шарқӣ
[tl] Wikang Yidis
[th] ภาษายิดดิช
[ti] ዪዲሽ
[tr] Yidiş
[uk] Їдиш
[ur] یدش
[vi] Tiếng Y-đit
[xh] Yiddish
[yi] יידיש
[yo] Èdè Yiddishi
[zh] 意第緒語
[zu] Isi-Yidish

Language type : Living

Language resources for Yiddish

Open Languages Archives

Yiddish Wikipedia
Yiddish Wiktionary
Wiktionary - Category:Yiddish language [en]
Wiktionnaire - Catégorie:yiddish [fr]

Freelang Dictionary [en]
Omniglot encyclopedia [en]
Lexilogos Dictionaries [en]
Dictionnaires Lexilogos [fr]
Dictionnaires Lexicool [fr]

Technical notes

This page is providing structured data for the language Yiddish.
Following BCP 47 the recommended tag for this language is yi.

This page is marked up using RDFa,, and other linked open vocabularies. The raw RDF data can be extracted using the W3C RDFa Distiller.

Freebase search uses the Freebase API, based on ISO 639-3 codes shared by Freebase language records.

ISO 639 Codes

ISO 639-1 : yi
ISO 639-2B : yid
ISO 639-2T : yid
ISO 639-3 : yid

Linked Data URIs

More URIs at


Authority documentation for ISO 639 identifier: yid

Freebase ISO 639-3 : yid Country Information

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Metadata Registry : Countries and Languages