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Urdu /ˈʊərduː/, or more precisely Standard Urdu, is a South Asian language in the Indo-Aryan branch in the Indo-European family of languages. It is the national language and lingua franca of Pakistan. It is also an official language of five Indian states and one of the 22 scheduled languages in the Constitution of India. Based on the Khariboli dialect of Delhi, Urdu developed under the influence of Persian, Arabic, and Turkic languages over the course of almost 900 years. It originated in the region of Uttar Pradesh in the Indian subcontinent during the Delhi Sultanate (1206–1527), and continued to develop under the Mughal Empire (1526–1858). Urdu is mutually intelligible with Standard Hindi spoken in India. Both languages share the same Indo-Aryan base, and are so similar in basic structure, grammar and to a large extent vocabulary and phonology, that they appear to be one language. The combined population of Urdu and Standard Hindi speakers is the fourth largest in the world. Mughals hailed from the Barlas tribe which was of Mongol origin, the tribe had embraced Turkic and Persian culture, and resided in Turkestan and Khorasan. Their mother tongue was the Chaghatai language (known to them as Turkī, Turkic) and they were equally at home in Persian, the lingua franca of the Timurid elite. But after their arrival in the Indian subcontinent, the need to communicate with local inhabitants led to use of Indo-Aryan languages written in the Persian alphabet, with some literary conventions and vocabulary retained from Persian and Turkic; this eventually became a new standard called Hindustani, which is the direct predecessor of Urdu.
Source : DBpedia

Names (more)

[af] Oerdoe
[ak] Urdu kasa
[am] ኡርዱኛ
[ar] الأردية
[an] Urdu
[az] Urdu dili
[bm] urudukan
[be] Урду
[bn] উর্দু ভাষা
[bo] ཝུའུ་ཏུའུ་སྐད།
[bs] Urdu jezik
[br] Ourdoueg
[bg] Урду
[ca] Urdú
[cs] Urdština
[cv] Урду
[cy] Wrdw
[da] Urdu
[de] Urdu
[dv] އުރުދޫ
[dz] ཨུར་དུ་ཁ
[el] Ουρντού
[en] Urdu
[eo] Urduo
[et] urdu
[eu] Urdu
[ee] urdugbe
[fo] urdu
[fa] اردو
[fi] Urdu
[fr] Ourdou
[fy] Oerdoe
[ff] Urdu
[gd] Urdu
[ga] An Urdais
[gl] Lingua urdú
[gu] ઉર્દુ ભાષા
[ha] Harshen Urdu
[sh] Urdu
[he] אורדו
[hi] उर्दू भाषा
[hr] Urdu jezik
[hu] Urdu nyelv
[hy] Ուրդու
[ig] Urudu
[ie] Urdu
[ia] urdu
[id] Bahasa Urdu
[is] Úrdú
[it] Lingua urdu
[jv] Basa Urdu
[ja] ウルドゥー語
[kl] Urdumiutut
[kn] ಉರ್ದು
[ks] اُردوٗ
[ka] ურდუ ენა
[kk] урду
[km] អ៊ូរឌូ
[ki] Kiurdu
[rw] Inyeyurudu
[ky] урдуча
[ko] 우르두어
[ku] Zimanê urdû
[lo] ອູຣະດູ
[la] Lingua Urdu
[lv] Urdu
[ln] liurdu
[lt] Urdu
[lu] Urdu
[lg] Lu-urudu
[ml] ഉറുദു
[mr] उर्दू भाषा
[mk] Урдуски јазик
[mg] Fiteny urdu
[mt] Urdu
[mi] Reo Urdu
[ms] Bahasa Urdu
[nd] isi-Udu
[ne] उर्दु
[nl] Urdu
[nn] Urdu
[nb] urdu
[no] Urdu
[oc] Ordo
[or] ଉର୍ଦ୍ଦୁ
[om] Afaan Urdu
[pa] ਉਰਦੂ ਭਾਸ਼ਾ
[pl] Język urdu
[pt] Língua urdu
[ps] اردو
[qu] Urdu simi
[rm] urdu
[ro] Limba urdu
[rn] Inyeyurudu
[ru] Урду
[sg] Ûrdu
[si] උර්දු
[sk] Urdčina
[sl] urdujščina
[se] Urdugiella
[sn] chiUrdu
[so] Urduu
[st] Se-urdu
[es] Urdu
[sq] Urdu
[sr] Урду
[sv] Urdu
[ta] உருது
[tt] Урду
[te] ఉర్దూ భాష
[tg] Забони урду
[th] ภาษาอูรดู
[ti] ኡርዱኛ
[to] lea fakaʻetiu
[tn] Urdu
[tr] Urduca
[ug] ئوردو تىلى
[uk] Урду
[ur] اردو
[vi] Tiếng Uđu
[xh] Urdu
[yi] אורדו
[yo] Èdè Udu
[za] Vah Vuhwjduh
[zh] 乌尔都语
[zu] isi-Urdu

Language type : Living

Official language : Pakistan,

Language resources for Urdu

Open Languages Archives

Urdu Wikipedia
Urdu Wiktionary
Wiktionary - Category:Urdu language [en]
Wiktionnaire - Catégorie:ourdou [fr]

Freelang Dictionary [en]
Dictionnaire Freelang [fr]
Omniglot encyclopedia [en]
Lexilogos Dictionaries [en]
Dictionnaires Lexilogos [fr]
Dictionnaires Lexicool [fr]

Technical notes

This page is providing structured data for the language Urdu.
Following BCP 47 the recommended tag for this language is ur.

This page is marked up using RDFa,, and other linked open vocabularies. The raw RDF data can be extracted using the W3C RDFa Distiller.

Freebase search uses the Freebase API, based on ISO 639-3 codes shared by Freebase language records.

ISO 639 Codes

ISO 639-1 : ur
ISO 639-2B : urd
ISO 639-2T : urd
ISO 639-3 : urd

Linked Data URIs

More URIs at


Authority documentation for ISO 639 identifier: urd

Freebase ISO 639-3 : urd Country Information

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Metadata Registry : Countries and Languages