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Gikuyu or Kikuyu is a language of the Bantu family spoken primarily by the Kikuyu people of Kenya. Numbering about 6 million (22% of Kenya's population), they are the largest ethnic group in Kenya. Gikuyu is spoken in the area between Nyeri and Nairobi. Gikuyu is one of the five languages of the Thagichu subgroup of the Bantu languages, which stretches from Kenya to Tanzania. The Gikuyu people usually identify their lands by the surrounding mountain ranges in Central Kenya which they call Kirinyaga. Gikuyu has four main mutually intelligible dialects. The Central Province districts are divided along the traditional boundaries of these dialects, which are Kirinyaga, Muranga [Maragua Maragua], Nyeri and Kiambu. The Gikuyu from Kirinyaga are composed of two main sub-dialects - the Ndia and Gichũgũ who speak the dialect Kĩ-Ndia and Gĩ-gĩcũgũ. The Gĩcũgũs and the Ndias do not have the ch or sh sound, and will use the s sound instead, hence the pronunciation of Gĩcũgũ as opposed to Gĩchũgũ. To hear Ndia being spoken, one needs to be in Kerugoya the largest town in Kirinyaga. Other home towns for the Ndia, where purer forms of the dialect are spoken will be in the tea growing areas of Kagumo, and the cool Kangaita hills. Lower down the slopes is Kutus, which is a bustling dusty town with too many influences from the other dialects to be able to differentiate. The unmistakable sing-song Gichugu dialect (which sounds like Embu, a sister language to Gikuyu) can be heard in the coffee growing areas of Kianyaga, Gĩthũre, Kathũngũri, Marigiti. The Gichugu switch easily to the other plainer Kikuyu dialects in conversation with the rest of the Gikuyu. The Mwea division, which is part of the Kirinyaga District, is an amalgam of Gikuyu, mostly from Kirinyaga, settled in the mid to late 1960s, soon after independence, by displaced Gikuyu whose lands had been taken by the colonialists.
Source : DBpedia

Names (more)

[ar] الكيكيو
[az] kikuyu dili
[bn] কিকু্ইয়ু
[bs] kikuju
[br] Gikouyoueg
[bg] кикуйу
[ca] kikuiu
[cs] Kikujština
[cy] Cicwyeg
[da] kikuyu
[de] Kikuyu
[el] Κικούγιου
[en] Gikuyu language
[eo] Kikuja lingvo
[et] kikuju
[fa] کیکویویی
[fi] kikuju
[fr] Kikuyu
[gu] કિકુયૂ
[he] קיקויו
[hi] किकुयू
[hr] kikuyu
[hu] kikuju
[id] Kikuyu
[is] Kíkújú
[it] kikuyu
[ja] キクユ語
[kn] ಕಿಕುಯು
[ks] کِکُیوٗ
[ki] Gĩgĩkũyũ
[rw] Igikuyu
[ko] 키쿠유어
[lo] ຄິຄູຢຸ
[lv] kikuju
[lt] kikui
[ml] കികൂയു
[mr] किकुयू
[mk] кикују
[mt] Kikuju
[nl] Gikuyu
[nn] kikuyu
[nb] kikuyu
[no] Kikuyu
[or] କୀକୁୟୁ
[pl] Język kikuju
[pt] Língua kikuyu
[qu] Kikuyu simi
[rm] kikuyu
[ro] kikuyu
[ru] Кикуйю
[sk] Kikujčina
[sl] kikujščina
[es] Idioma kikuyu
[sr] Кикују
[sw] Kikikuyu
[sv] Kikuyu
[ta] கிகுயு மொழி
[te] కికుయు
[th] กีกูยู
[tr] Kikuyu
[uk] Кікуйю
[vi] Tiếng Kikuyu

Language type : Living

Language resources for Kikuyu

Open Languages Archives

Kikuyu Wikipedia
Wiktionary - Category:Kikuyu language [en]
Wiktionnaire - Catégorie:kikuyu [fr]

Omniglot encyclopedia [en]

Technical notes

This page is providing structured data for the language Kikuyu.
Following BCP 47 the recommended tag for this language is ki.

This page is marked up using RDFa,, and other linked open vocabularies. The raw RDF data can be extracted using the W3C RDFa Distiller.

Freebase search uses the Freebase API, based on ISO 639-3 codes shared by Freebase language records.

ISO 639 Codes

ISO 639-1 : ki
ISO 639-2B : kik
ISO 639-2T : kik
ISO 639-3 : kik

Linked Data URIs

More URIs at


Authority documentation for ISO 639 identifier: kik

Freebase ISO 639-3 : kik Country Information

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Metadata Registry : Countries and Languages