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Norwegian (norsk) is a North Germanic language spoken primarily in Norway, where it is the official language. Together with Swedish and Danish, Norwegian forms a continuum of more or less mutually intelligible local and regional variants . These Scandinavian languages together with the Faroese language and Icelandic language, as well as some extinct languages, constitute the North Germanic languages. Faroese and Icelandic are hardly mutually intelligible with Norwegian in their spoken form, because continental Scandinavian has diverged from them. As established by law and governmental policy, there are two official forms of written Norwegian – Bokmål (literally book tongue) and Nynorsk (literally new Norwegian). The Norwegian Language Council is responsible for regulating the two forms, and recommends the terms Norwegian Bokmål and Norwegian Nynorsk in English. Two other written forms without official status also exist. The major one being Riksmål (national language), which is somewhat closer to the Danish language, but today is to a large extent the same language as Bokmål. It is regulated by the Norwegian Academy, which translates the name as Standard Norwegian. The other being Høgnorsk (High Norwegian) that is a more purist form of Nynorsk, which maintains the language in an original form as given by Ivar Aasen and rejects most of the reforms from the 20th century. This form of Nynorsk has very limited use. There is no officially sanctioned standard of spoken Norwegian, and most Norwegians speak their own dialect in all circumstances. The sociolect of the urban upper and middle class in East Norway can be regarded as a de facto spoken standard for Bokmål because it adopted many characteristics from Danish when Norway was under Danish rule. This so-called standard østnorsk (Standard Eastern Norwegian) is the form generally taught to foreign students. From the 16th to the 19th centuries, Danish was the standard written language of Norway. As a result, the development of modern written Norwegian has been subject to strong controversy related to nationalism, rural versus urban discourse, and Norway's literary history. Historically, Bokmål is a Norwegianised variety of Danish, while Nynorsk is a language form based on Norwegian dialects and puristic opposition to Danish. The now abandoned official policy to merge Bokmål and Nynorsk into one common language called Samnorsk through a series of spelling reforms has created a wide spectrum of varieties of both Bokmål and Nynorsk. The unofficial form known as Riksmål is considered more conservative than Bokmål, and the unofficial Høgnorsk more conservative than Nynorsk. Norwegians are educated in both Bokmål and Nynorsk. A 2005 poll indicates that 86.3% use primarily Bokmål as their daily written language, 5.5% use both Bokmål and Nynorsk, and 7.5% use primarily Nynorsk. Thus 13% are frequently writing Nynorsk, though the majority speak dialects that resemble Nynorsk more closely than Bokmål. Broadly speaking, Nynorsk writing is widespread in Western Norway, though not in major urban areas, and also in the upper parts of mountain valleys in the southern and eastern parts of Norway. Examples are Setesdal, the western part of Telemark county (fylke) and several municipalities in Hallingdal, Valdres and Gudbrandsdalen. It is little used elsewhere, but 30–40 years ago it also had strongholds in many rural parts of Trøndelag (Mid-Norway) and the south part of Northern Norway. Today, not only is Nynorsk the official language of 4 of the 19 Norwegian counties (fylker), but also of many municipalities in 5 other counties. The Norwegian broadcasting corporation (NRK) broadcasts in both Bokmål and Nynorsk, and all governmental agencies are required to support both written languages. Bokmål is used in 92% of all written publications, Nynorsk in 8% (2000). Norwegian is one of the working languages of the Nordic Council. Under the Nordic Language Convention, citizens of the Nordic countries who speak Norwegian have the opportunity to use their native language when interacting with official bodies in other Nordic countries without being liable to any interpretation or translation costs.
Source : DBpedia

Names (more)

[af] Noors
[am] ኖርዌጂያን
[ar] النرويجية
[an] Idioma noruego
[az] Norveç dili
[be] Нарвежская мова
[bn] নরওয়েজীয় ভাষা
[bs] Norveški jezik
[br] Norvegeg
[bg] Норвежки език
[ca] Noruec
[cs] Norština
[cv] Норвег чĕлхи
[kw] Norgahek
[cy] Norwyeg
[da] Norsk
[de] Norwegisch
[dz] ནོར་ཝི་ཇི་ཡན་ཁ
[el] Νορβηγικά
[en] Norwegian language
[eo] Norvega lingvo
[et] Norra keel
[eu] Norvegiera
[ee] Norwegbe
[fo] Norskt mál
[fa] زبان نروژی
[fi] Norjan kieli
[fr] Norvégien
[fy] Noarsk
[gd] Nirribhis
[ga] Ioruais
[gl] Lingua norueguesa
[gv] Norlynnish
[gu] નૉર્વેજીયન
[ha] Yaren mutanen Norway
[sh] Norveški jezik
[he] נורבגית
[hi] नार्वेजियन
[hr] Norveški jezik
[hu] Norvég nyelv
[hy] Նորվեգերեն
[io] Norvegiana linguo
[ia] norvegiano
[id] Bahasa Norwegia
[is] Norska
[it] Lingua norvegese
[ja] ノルウェー語
[kn] ನಾರ್ವೇಜಿಯನ್
[ks] ناروییَن
[ka] ნორვეგიული ენა
[kk] Норвег тілі
[km] ភាសាន័រវែស
[rw] Ikinoruveji
[ky] норвежче
[kv] Норск кыв
[ko] 노르웨이어
[ku] Zimanê norwêcî
[lo] ນໍເວຍ
[la] Lingua Norvegica
[lv] Norvēģu valoda
[li] Noors
[lt] Norvegų kalba
[ml] നോർവീജിയൻ
[mr] नॉर्वेजियन भाषा
[mk] Норвешки јазик
[mt] Norveġiż
[ms] Bahasa Norway
[my] နော်ဝေး
[ne] नर्वेजियाली
[nl] Noors
[nn] Norsk
[nb] norsk
[no] Norsk
[oc] Norvegian
[or] ନରୱେଜିଆନ୍
[om] Afaan Norweyii
[os] Норвегиаг æвзаг
[pa] ਨਾਰਵੇਜੀਅਨ
[pl] Język norweski
[pt] Língua norueguesa
[ps] ناروېئې
[qu] Nurwiga simi
[rm] Lingua norvegiaisa
[ro] Limba norvegiană
[ru] Норвежский язык
[sk] Nórčina
[sl] Norveščina
[se] Dárogiella
[so] Af Noorwiijiyaan
[st] Se-norway
[es] Idioma noruego
[sq] Gjuha norvegjeze
[sr] Norveški jezik
[sw] Kinorwei
[sv] Norska
[ta] நார்வே
[tt] Норвег теле
[te] నార్విజియాన్
[tg] Забони норвегӣ
[th] นอร์เวย์
[ti] ኖርዌጂያን
[to] lea fakanouē
[tn] Puo ya kwa Norway
[ts] Xi Norway
[tr] Norveççe
[ug] نورۋېگىيە تىلى
[uk] Норвезька мова
[ur] نارویجین
[vi] Tiếng Na Uy
[xh] Isi-Norwegian
[yo] Èdè Norway
[zh] 挪威语
[zu] IsiNoweyi

Language type : Living

Official language : Norway, Bouvet Island, Svalbard and Jan Mayen,

Language resources for Norwegian

Open Languages Archives

GEMET multilingual thesaurus in Norwegian

Norwegian Wikipedia
Norwegian Wiktionary
Wiktionary - Category:Norwegian language [en]
Wiktionnaire - Catégorie:norvégien [fr]

Freelang Dictionary [en]
Dictionnaire Freelang [fr]
Omniglot encyclopedia [en]
Lexilogos Dictionaries [en]
Dictionnaires Lexilogos [fr]
Dictionnaires Lexicool [fr]

Technical notes

This page is providing structured data for the language Norwegian.
Following BCP 47 the recommended tag for this language is no.

This page is marked up using RDFa,, and other linked open vocabularies. The raw RDF data can be extracted using the W3C RDFa Distiller.

Freebase search uses the Freebase API, based on ISO 639-3 codes shared by Freebase language records.

ISO 639 Codes

ISO 639-1 : no
ISO 639-2B : nor
ISO 639-2T : nor
ISO 639-3 : nor

Linked Data URIs

More URIs at


Authority documentation for ISO 639 identifier: nor

Freebase ISO 639-3 : nor Country Information

Publications Office of the European Union
Metadata Registry : Countries and Languages