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Braj Bhasha, also called Brij Bhasha (बॄज भाषा), Braj Bhakha (ब्रज भाखा), or Dehaati Zabaan (देहाती ज़बान, 'country tongue'), is a Western Hindi language closely related to Hindustani. In fact it is usually considered to be a dialect of Western Hindi, and along with Awadhi (a variety of Eastern Hindi) was one of the two predominant literary languages of North-Central India before the switch to Hindustani in the 19th century. Braj Bhasha is spoken by people in the nebulously defined region of Vraja Bhoomi, which was a political state in the era of the Mahabharata wars. According to ancient Hindu texts such as the Bhagavata Purana, the kingdom of King Kamsa is described as spreading through the Braj (also known as Vrija or Vraja), where the incarnation of Krishna was born and spent his childhood days. This region lies in the Agra-Mathura area, and stretches as far as the environs of Delhi. In modern India, this area lies mostly in northwestern Uttar Pradesh, the eastern extremities of Rajasthan i.e. Bharatpur & Dholpur and the southern extremities of Haryana. Today Braj Bhoomi can be seen as a cultural-geographical entity rather than a proper state. It is the vernacular of the region and boasts a rich culture and literature by famous poets like Surdas, Bhai Gurdas and Amir Khusro. Brij Bhasha is very close to Avadhi, spoken in neighbouring Avadh region. Much of the Hindi literature was developed in Brij in the medieval period. However, today Khariboli dialect has taken its place as the predominant standard dialect of Hindi. In modern India, Braj Bhasha exists as an unofficial dialect spoken colloquially by natives of the region of Braj Bhoomi, with great cultural and religious significance. Much of Hindi poetry, especially that of 'Bhakti' or devotional poetry is in this language. Some devotional poems for Krishna are also composed in Braj Bhasha. Rabindranath Tagore wrote his first substantial poems titled Bhanusimha Thakurer Padabali in Braj Bhasha under the pseudonym Bhānusiṃha (Sun Lion) at age sixteen. The pioneering Hindi poet Aamir Khusro, also spoke and composed poetry in this language. Famous Braj Bhasha folk songs or poems include Chhaap Tilak Sab Chheeni by Amir Khusro, and the popular devotional song, Main Naahin Maakhan Khaayo by Surdas. Braj Bhasha is also the main language of Hindustani classical music compositions.
Source : DBpedia

Names (more)

[ar] البراجية
[az] braj dili
[bn] ব্রাজ
[bs] braj
[br] braj
[bg] брадж
[ca] braj
[cs] bradžština
[da] braj
[de] Braj-Bhakha
[el] Μπρατζ
[en] Braj Bhasha
[et] bradži
[fa] براج
[fi] bradž
[fr] braj
[gu] બ્રજ
[he] בראג'
[hi] ब्रज
[hr] braj
[hu] braj
[id] Braj
[is] braí
[it] braj
[ja] ブラジュ・バーシャー語
[kn] ಬ್ರಾಜ್
[ks] برٛج
[ko] 브라지어
[lo] ບຣາ
[la] Braj Bhasa
[lv] bradžiešu
[lt] brajų
[ml] ബ്രജ്
[mr] ब्रज
[mk] брај
[mt] Braj
[nl] Braj
[nn] Bradjbhakha
[nb] braj
[or] ବ୍ରାଜ୍
[pl] Język bradź
[pt] braj
[rm] braj
[ro] braj
[ru] Брадж
[sk] bradžčina
[sl] bradžbakanščina
[es] braj
[sr] Брај
[sv] braj
[ta] பிராஜ் பாஷா
[te] బ్రాజ్
[th] พัรช
[tr] Braj
[uk] брадж
[vi] Tiếng Braj

Language type : Living

Language resources for Braj

Open Languages Archives

Wiktionnaire - Catégorie:braj [fr]

Technical notes

This page is providing structured data for the language Braj.
Following BCP 47 the recommended tag for this language is bra.

This page is marked up using RDFa,, and other linked open vocabularies. The raw RDF data can be extracted using the W3C RDFa Distiller.

Freebase search uses the Freebase API, based on ISO 639-3 codes shared by Freebase language records.

ISO 639 Codes

ISO 639-2B : bra
ISO 639-2T : bra
ISO 639-3 : bra

Linked Data URIs

More URIs at


Authority documentation for ISO 639 identifier: bra

Freebase ISO 639-3 : bra Country Information

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