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by Bernard Vatant, Mondeca

Croatia Sign Language


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The deaf sign language of the nations of the former Yugoslavia, known variously as Croatian Sign Language (Hrvatski znakovni jezik, HZJ), Kosovar Sign Language, Serbian Sign Language, Slovenian Sign Language, or Yugoslav Sign Language (YSL), got its start when children were sent to schools for the deaf in Austro-Hungary in the early 19th century. The first two local schools opened in 1840 in Slovenia and in 1885 in Croatia. There remain dialectical distinctions between Slovenia, Croatia, and Serbia, with separate (as well as unified) dictionaries being published. These varieties are reported to be mutually intelligible, but the actual amount of variation, and the degree to which the varieties should be considered one language or separate languages, has not been systematically assessed; nor is much known about the sign language situation in other Balkan states. A two-handed manual alphabet is in widespread use; a one-handed alphabet based on the international manual alphabet, though less commonly used, has official status. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the deaf have the same language rights with sign language that the hearing do with oral language. Interpreters must be provided between sign and Serbo-Croatian for deaf people dealing with government bodies, and government television broadcasts must be translated into sign language. A Commission for the Sign Language is composed of members representing education, linguistics/pedogogy, and the three constituent nations of Bosnia. By law, Croatian Radiotelevision is to promote the translation of programs into sign language. In Kosovo, sign-language interpreters appear on television newscasts.
Source : DBpedia

Names (more)

[en] Croatia Sign Language
[hr] Hrvatski znakovni jezik
[pt] Língua de sinais croata

Language type : Living

Language resources for Croatia Sign Language

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Technical notes

This page is providing structured data for the language Croatia Sign Language.
Following BCP 47 the recommended tag for this language is csq.

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ISO 639 Codes

ISO 639-3 : csq

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Authority documentation for ISO 639 identifier: csq

Freebase ISO 639-3 : csq Country Information

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